substratum


substratum
substratum [sub′strāt΄əm, sub′strat΄əm]
n.
pl. substrata [sub′strāt΄ə, sub′strat΄ə] or substratums [ModL < L, neut. of substratus, pp. of substernere, to strew beneath < sub-, under + sternere, to spread out < IE base * ster- > STREW]
1.
a) a part, substance, element, etc. which lies beneath and supports another; foundation
b) any basis or foundation
2. SUBSTRATE (senses 2 & 3)
3. loosely SUBSOIL
4. Bot. the base or material to which a plant is attached and from which it gets nutriment
5. Metaphysics substance, with reference to the events or causes which act upon it, the changes occurring in it, the attributes that inhere in it, etc.
6. Photog. a thin layer of material on a photographic film or plate serving as a base for the sensitive emulsion
7. Zool. the ground or other solid material on which an animal moves or is fastened

English World dictionary. . 2014.

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  • substratum — ● substratum nom masculin (latin substratum, de substernere, subordonner) Formation géologique sous jacente à une unité charriée (substratum d une nappe) ou à une couverture sédimentaire. substratum [sypstʀatɔm] n. m. ÉTYM. 1745; mot lat., p. p.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • substratum — 1630s, from Mod.L. substratum (pl. substrata), neut. sing. pp. of L. substernere to spread underneath, from sub (see SUB (Cf. sub )) + sternere (see STRATUM (Cf. stratum)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Substratum — Sub*stra tum, n.; pl. {Substrata}. [L. substratus, p. p. of substernere to strew under; sub under + sternere to strew. See {Stratum}.] 1. That which is laid or spread under; that which underlies something, as a layer of earth lying under another; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • substratum — ► NOUN (pl. substrata) 1) an underlying layer or substance, in particular a layer of rock or soil beneath the surface of the ground. 2) a foundation or basis …   English terms dictionary

  • Substratum — In contact linguistics, a substratum (lat. sub : under + stratum : layer → lower layer ) is a language that influences another one while that second, intrusive, language supplants it. Similarly, a superstratum is an intrusive language that exerts …   Wikipedia

  • substratum — [[t]sʌ̱bstrɑːtəm, AM stre͟ɪt [/t]] substrata N COUNT: with supp, usu N of n A substratum of something is a layer that lies under the surface of another layer, or a feature that is less obvious than other features. [FORMAL] ...its deep substratum… …   English dictionary

  • substratum — sub|stra|tum [ˌsʌbˈstra:təm US ˈstreı ] n plural substrata [ tə] technical a layer that lies beneath another layer, especially in the earth ▪ a substratum of rock ▪ a social substratum …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • substratum — noun plural substrata, (C) 1 a layer that lies beneath another layer, especially in the earth: a substratum of rock 2 formal a quality that is hidden: a substratum of truth in the argument …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • substratum — UK [ˈsʌbˌstrɑːtəm] / US [ˈsʌbˌstreɪtəm] / US [ˈsʌbˌstrɑtəm] noun [countable] Word forms substratum : singular substratum plural substrata UK [ˈsʌbˌstrɑːtə] / US [ˈsʌbˌstreɪtə] / US [ˈsʌbˌstrɑtə] 1) a layer of something that is below another layer …   English dictionary

  • substratum — substrative, substratal, adj. /sub stray teuhm, strat euhm, sub stray teuhm, strat euhm/, n., pl. substrata / stray teuh, strat euh, stray teuh, strat euh/, substratums. 1. something that is spread or laid under something else; a stratum or layer …   Universalium